Jekyll Island in Georgia has an interesting history which begins, of course, with native americans who originally inhabited the island. They fished and farmed crops such as pumpkins, tobacco, sunflower and maize.
Explorers from Spain officially claimed the island in 1510 and about 50 years later it was claimed for France (even though Spain already claimed it). The French explorer surrendered to the Spanish and was executed, which began a long series of conflicts between the two countries on Georgia’s coast.
In the mid-1600’s the English gave out land grants on the island and attacked the Spanish successfully driving them from the area by the early 1700’s. Plantations were established on the island growing barley, indigo and cotton. In order to run the plantations, slavery was introduced.
One of the most interesting parts of Jekyll Island history happened in 1858. 50 years after the importation of slaves to the United States was made illegal, The Wanderer landed on the island carrying 409 enslaved Africans. The government prosecuted the owner and crew of the ship but failed to win. The outrage that ensued was a contributing cause to the American Civil War.
There was a lot of action on this little island that today is so peaceful.